A potent painkiller with a high chance abused and being dependent on is referred to by a multitude of names; Vicodin, Norco and Lortab, Hydrocodone.
It is a potent and key component of narcotic painkillers for treatment moderate to severe pain. Usually given orally to manage short episodes of dental pain or pain occasioned by an injury.
Relying on the substance may develop as it is continuously used. In case you or someone you care about is having difficulties with Hydrocodone addiction contact us on 0800 772 3971 for aid.
Hydrocodone is considered an "opioid", or a semi-synthetic opiate. It is the same as Morphine, Codeine and Oxycodone.
It functions in the central nervous system by influencing the part of the brain that is responsible for pain. The signal for pain in the brain is weakened through this and it can produce a feeling of happiness.
How People Use Hydrocodone
Usually used together with Acetaminophen, active component of Tylenol or ibuprofen in brands such as Norco, Vicodin or Lortab. The FDA has also approved a pure form of the drug referred to as Zohydro.
Hydrocodone abusers usually choose between crushing the pills and then snorting it or alternatively injecting the drug.
Contact us for lots of information on Hydrocodone
In 2014, the increasing dangers of addiction and abuse of Hydrocodone combination products such as Vicodin were recognized by the lawmakers. And it was changed to the Schedule ll controlled substance from a Schedule III.
Hydrocodone marketed in the United States comes in several versions. There is specific brand for those with an addiction to Hydrocodone prefer.
It may be because of many reasons that are both psychological and practical.
New users, whether for medical or recreational reasons, could easily get hooked to this brand due to its pure nature. Having addiction to Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Norco as well as Lortab could get out of control pretty quickly.
Vicodin Is Available In 5Mg 75Mg 10Mg 300Mg
300 mg of Acetaminophen is found in every Vicodin tablet and it has three different dosage levels of Hydrocodone - 5 mg, 7.5 mg, and 10 mg. Though addicts may take much higher doses but generally one tablet is prescribed by the physician's taken every 4 to 6 hours.
Vicodin used to have a huge proportion of Acetaminophen in the pills, but the 2011 FDA regulation mandated all the prescription painkillers to cut down on their Acetaminophen content. Liver problems may arise from the overuse of Vicodin. 500 to 750 mg of Acetaminophen are included in previous formulations.
In 2011, Vicodin is prescribed oftentimes unnecessarily to around 131 million Americans.
Norco Is Available In 7Mg 10Mg 325Mg
The recommended dosage for the drug is to use 325mg of Acetaminophen with 7.5mg or 10g of Hydrocodone.
Norco had the least amount of Acetaminophen in it, prior to the required lower levels of Acetaminophen by FDA in Hydrocodone medications. Most of the addicts back then preferred Norco due to its low level of Acetaminophen. Currently, it carries the highest amount of Acetaminophen allowed.
For the first time, almost 2 million people tried opioids like Norco recreationally in 2012.
Lortab Is Sold In 5 Mg 75Mg 10Mg 325Mg
Another prescription drug is Lortab that is the combination of Acetaminophen and Hydrocodone. The pain relieving effects of the drug is increased by the addition of Acetaminophen.
Even users who have a legit prescription may end up abusing Lortab by taking an overdose contrary to what is recommended. Consuming an overdose potentiates the risk of dependence.
Most of those who abuse this form are between 18-25 years.
Zohydro Is Provided In 10Mg 15Mg 20Mg 30Mg 40Mg 50Mg
This is the initial pure form of Hydrocodone to be approved by the FDA, only recommended for the management of severe pain. Since Hydrocodone is highly addictive, Zohydro is usually cautiously monitored as well as regulated.
At the time of its approval, some were against this decision due to the risk of abuse. Due to the absence of Acetaminophen many abusers preferred it to significantly reduce on the risk of liver damage.
The Effects And Abuse Of Hydrocodone
It can be difficult to recognize Hydrocodone abuse. Using Hydrocodone outside of a doctor's recommendation, for someone who has it a legitimate prescription, is abusing it.
Abuse could entail taking more than recommended number of pills, using it past the time of its indication, or consuming the drug in a way that it is not medically indicated, for instance snorting or injecting the drug. The craving for the effect of the drug lead to the overuse of Hydrocodone.
Immediate effects of Hydrocodone abuse includes:
These effects can be created more quickly by the high doses of Hydrocodone. But, this could also lead to a fatal overdose.
Taking an overdose could result in drowsiness, nausea as well as confusion. The most feared complication of an overdose is reduced or stopping of breathing.
Brain reward system that based upon pain receptors and the brain's limbic system severely interferes. Continual Hydrocodone abuse causes a physical dependence on the substance and reprograms the brain for addiction.
After an individual is physically dependent on it, there is a need to prevent the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms which include muscle aches and nausea.
People addicted to Hydrocodone need higher doses to keep withdrawal symptoms at bay as their tolerance builds.
The diagnosis of an addiction ranges from mild to severe cases. One who takes the drug at the expense of anything else or using beyond the recommended dosage is dependent on it.
Hydrocodone With Other Drugs
The likelihood of negative effects or overdose can be increased by abusing Hydrocodone alongside other drugs. It can be especially dangerous to mix Hydrocodone with alcohol as both substances are central nervous system depressants. In some cases, combined use of Hydrocodone and alcohol can lead to respiratory failure.
The painkilling effects of this drug make it similar to heroin, an alternative that is cheaper and relatively accessible. Mostly those who end being dependent on Hydrocodone following its prescription will prefer heroin as a substitute after depletion of the former.
Hydrocodone Misuse And Statistics
Almost 1.8 million Americans live on this drug with only three other drugs surpassing it.
Treating Hydrocodone Addicts
Hydrocodone is powerfully addictive. Medically supervised detoxification and medical treatment program deal best with this problem.