A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
A sudden increase in appetite might happen. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Dropping diversions and exercises - as the compulsion advances the individual may quit doing things he/she used to appreciate a considerable measure. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.